Doctors often say "time is brain," meaning the quicker you get treatment, the less likely it is that your brain tissue will be permanently damaged. Do you know the signs? Scroll through to make sure you know when you’re experiencing a stroke.
Stroke can cause double vision, blurred vision or loss of vision in one eye. When 1,300 people in the U.K. were asked what symptoms occur in stroke, only 44 percent knew vision loss is a strong indicator.
One test: Repeat the phrase "You can't teach an old dog new tricks." Are you slurring words, using the wrong words, or are unable to speak? If so, there's a 72 percent chance you have had a stroke.
Often the affected limb is on the side of the body opposite from where the stroke occurred in the brain. Extend both arms (palms up) for 10 seconds. If one arm drifts down, that indicates muscle weakness, a sign of stroke.
Patients may confuse stroke symptoms with other conditions, according to experts. Sometimes sudden dizziness is attributed to a viral syndrome when it can be the sign of a stroke.
Pain is not a typical stroke symptom. But if you have sudden pain in an arm, a leg, one side of your face or chest, don't brush it off.
A sudden, severe headache, perhaps the worst you've ever had, is a common stroke symptom. One study involving found people who experienced headache with the onset of stroke tended to be younger and have a history of migraine.
Sudden, one-sided facial weakness can be a sign of stroke. Emergency medical personnel will ask you to smile or show your teeth. If one side of your face sags or doesn't move, that could mean you're having a stroke.
A recent study of gender differences in ischemic stroke, the type caused by clots, found that women having a stroke were more likely than men to experience general weakness, fatigue, disorientation, and change in mental status.
Usually, hiccups are a minor nuisance. But when stroke affects the brain's breathing center, it can trigger a sudden, protracted case of hiccups, more commonly in women.
Can't catch your breath? Feel like your heart is racing or fluttering? A study of gender differences in stroke found that women are more likely to experience these kinds of symptoms.